Monday, October 31, 2011

Rhodiola Rosea is?▲¤ø„¸¸„ø¤º°¨¸„ø¤º°¨▲¤ø„¸¸„ø¤º°¨¸„ø¤º°¨

Normally when it come to herbs, there is not a lot of literature or science to support any health claims. When it comes to Rhodiola, things are very different!
Rather than us tell you all the benefits of Rhodiola Rosea, let's point you to some published papers and books on Rhodiola...
  • Maybe you would like to start by clicking here to read the 13 page cover story on Rhodiola in HerbalGram. This incredibly detailed monograph on Rhodiola Rosea provides over 90 references, so if you want to learn more just follow the references.
  • Looking for something a a little less technical? How about this story from Newsweek on Rhodiola
  • You could always take a look at this 8 page feature story in Alternative Medicine that does a great job of summarizing the rise of Rhodiola Rosea.
  • Wondering what the #1 Energy Supplement is as rated by Alternative Medicine? We will give you one clue, 8 letter word, first 7 letters are RHODIOL...
  • Like to get down and dirty with the clinical studies? Go to and search on "rhodiola" and you will see over 190 studies on Rhodiola!
  • Of course, you could read the book - Rhodiola Revolution. An incredible book written by 2 Medical Doctors and their use of Rhodiola Rosea on hundreds of patients.
    The Rhodiola Revolution Book

  • Sure. If you have spent some time on our site you can see we are more than a little obsessed with the HERBS. We OVERstand that not everyone has the time (or enough strong coffee in the house) to read through thousands of pages of medical journals and their papers on Rhodiola. Here are some of the primary health benefits of Rhodiola Rosea...
    • Increase energy, endurance and stamina
    • Helps reduce stress and anxiety
    • Can decrease the recovery time needed after strenuous muscular workouts
    • Uplifts moods
    • Promotes mental clarity and mental performance
    • Helps maintain high levels of creatine phosphate (athletes love this one!)
    • Improves sexual performance
    • Promotes healthy sleep
    • And Much, Much, More...
    The key to remember here is that Rhodiola Rosea is an adaptogen ( adaptogens are defined in our article - Rhodiola Rosea The Big Picture). This means that Rhodiola works by trying to keep your whole body in balance, battle all stresses that your body may face (physical, chemical and biological) and not produce any side effects. The idea is that a body in balance, on every level, will always perform better than a body out of balance.
    This approach is very different than modern Western medicine. In the USA, if we have knee pain - we take a pill for that. If we have depression, we take another pill for that. Low energy levels... pop another pill. The problem is that while we may have different ailments or symptoms, we have just one body. We need to treat our whole body to correct our problems, not a separate pill for each ailment - as if the problems are not interconnected. Rhodiola works by addressing the issues of our body, as a whole.

    Sunday, October 30, 2011

    ❤ FALL ❤



    Natural Nature


    Friday, October 28, 2011



    Tuesday, October 25, 2011

    EAT WITH THE SEASONS!!!!!!!!!!!>>>>>The 12 Healthiest Autumn Fruits and Vegetables▲▲▲

    Here's the good news: there's more to autumn produce than potatoes and squash. There are really 11 fruits and veggies are among the healthiest "autumn harvest" foods you can eat. Number 12 can be referenced by the picture above which in EXCERCISE!!! Sweating is the easiest way the release internal toxins. SWEAT EVERYDAY is the WAY!!!
    1. Avocado
    Avocado is an excellent source of the healthy monounsaturated fat, oleic acid, which has been shown to lower cholesterol and protect against breast cancer. They're also rich in the carotenoid lutein and vitamin E that, when combined with the avocado's healthy fat, inhibit the growth of prostate cancer.
    Try them on sandwiches, in salads, as garnishes for soups and to make everyone's favorite--guacamole.
    • Notable Nutrients: oleic acid, lutein, vitamin E, vitamin K, fiber, potassium, folate, vitamin B6, vitamin C copper

    2. Leeks
    Leeks are in the same family as garlic and onions, and have many of the same healthy benefits. They've been found to lower bad (LDL) cholesterol while raising good (HDL) cholesterol, fight against cancer, including prostate and colon cancers, and stabilize blood sugar levels.
    Leeks have a milder, sweeter taste than onions and work great in soups, sauces and sautéed with other vegetables. They can also be used as a side dish on their own or as an addition to salads (like onion).
    • Notable Nutrients: manganese, vitamin C, iron, folate, vitamin B6

    3. Brussels Sprouts
    Brussels sprouts belong to the cancer-fighting cruciferous family of vegetables and are a rich source of anti-cancer phytochemicals. They also help you get healthy skin, protect the immune system, fight birth defects and rheumatoid arthritis and support a healthy colon.
    Use Brussels sprouts as a side dish seasoned with butter, salt, pepper, cheese or lemon, or add them to soups and stews.
    • Notable Nutrients: vitamin K, vitamin C, folate, vitamin A, manganese, fiber, potassium, vitamin B6, tryptophan, vitamin B1, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, phosphorus, protein, magnesium, vitamin B2, vitamin E, copper, calcium

    4. Kiwi
    These little fruits contain lots of antioxidants and phytonutrients that are protective of DNA. They also help control blood sugar, protect the heart and colon, fight asthma and macular degeneration, and can lower your risk of blood clots.
    Kiwis are very tasty eaten alone (peeled) or can be added to salads, chilled soups or fruit tarts.
    • Notable Nutrients: vitamin C, fiber, potassium, copper, magnesium, vitamin E, manganese

    5. Green Beans
    Green beans, one of the only beans that are eaten fresh, contain lots of vitamin K for healthy bones and anti-inflammatory nutrients that may reduce the severity of diseases where inflammation plays a major role, such as asthma, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. They also contain nutrients that have been found to protect the heart, prevent colon cancer, and support the immune system, skin and memory.
    Green beans can be used traditionally in side dishes, casseroles, stews and soups, or, be a little creative and try them cold in tuna or chicken salad, as a salad with oil and vinegar or added to a breakfast frittata.
    • Notable Nutrients: vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese, vitamin A, fiber, potassium, folate, iron, magnesium, thiamin, riboflavin, copper, calcium, phosphorous, protein, omega-3 fatty acids, niacin

    6. Broccoli
    Another cruciferous vegetable, broccoli is a potent cancer fighter. And, it fights heart disease, prevents cataracts, helps build strong bones, protects against ulcers, rheumatoid arthritis and birth defects and boosts the immune system.
    This versatile vegetable is great raw or cooked, cold or hot, in soups, salads, casseroles, stews or just by itself. Cream of broccoli soup is always a fall favorite.
    • Notable Nutrients: vitamin C, vitamin A, folate, fiber, manganese, tryptophan, potassium, vitamin B6, vitamin B2, phosphorus, magnesium, protein, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B5, iron, calcium, vitamin B1, vitamin B3, zinc, vitamin E

    7. Eggplant
    Eggplants contain phytonutrients that have antioxidant activity, which makes them anti-cancer, antimicrobial, anti-viral and good for lowering bad (LDL) cholesterol. They're also good for the heart and contain an anthocyanin phytonutrient called nasunin in their skin, which is a potent antioxidant and free radical scavenger that has been shown to protect cell membranes from damage.
    Eggplant can be baked, roasted or steamed, and can be eaten with or without the skin. Try it sautéed with other vegetables, in curries, or make your own Middle Eastern babaganoush out of roasted eggplant, tahini, lemon juice, olive oil and garlic.
    • Notable Nutrients: fiber, potassium, manganese, vitamin B1, vitamin B6, folate, magnesium, tryptophan, vitamin B3

    8. Spinach
    Popeye was right all along! Spinach is a nutrition powerhouse; researchers have found at least 13 different flavonoid compounds in it that function as antioxidants and anti-cancer agents. It also contains lots of vitamin K for your bones, is protective of the heart and against eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration and cataracts, contains lots of anti-inflammatory nutrients and may help protect the brain from oxidative stress and reduce the effects of age-related declines in brain function.
    Spinach can be added to just about any meal for an easy nutrient boost. Try it with eggs, pasta, fish -- even pizza -- and use it instead of (or mixed with) lettuce in your salad.
    • Notable Nutrients: vitamin K, vitamin A, manganese, folate, magnesium, iron, vitamin C, vitamin B2, calcium, potassium, vitamin B6, tryptophan, fiber, copper, vitamin B1, protein, phosphorus, zinc, vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B3, selenium

    9. Sweet Potatoes
    Sweet potatoes have much more nutrition than regular potatoes. They're rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory nutrients, and are classified as an anti-diabetic food. They received this title because animal studies have found they help stabilize blood sugar levels and lower insulin resistance. The vitamin A they contain also makes them protective against emphysema.
    Use sweet potatoes in place of regular potatoes in all your recipes. They're even good cold or as mashed potatoes and oven-baked fries. Or, try them for dessert in sweet potato pie, muffins or bread.
    • Notable Nutrients: vitamin A, vitamin C, manganese, copper, fiber, vitamin B6, potassium, iron

    10. Apples
    Apples are a traditional fall favorite, and one of the healthiest, too. They're loaded with powerful antioxidants, including quercetin, catechin, phloridzin and chlorogenic acid, protect against breast and colon cancers, prevent kidney stones, and help to lower bad cholesterol while raising the good kind. Studies have also found that eating at least two apples a week reduces the risk of asthma and type 2 diabetes, and promotes lung health.
    Apples are an easy snack to take with you on-the-go, or try them cut up with peanut butter, cheese or in salads, or in homemade apple sauce.
    • Notable Nutrients: fiber, vitamin C, vitamin K

    11. Pears
    Pears contain antioxidants that help protect the body from free radical damage, help promote heart and colon health, and protect against macular degeneration. Interestingly, they're also thought of as a hypoallergenic fruit (one that's not likely to cause an allergic reaction) and are often recommended as the first fruit to give to infants.
    Pears can, of course, be eaten as is, but they can also be poached or added to salads and oatmeal.
    • Notable Nutrients: fiber, vitamin C, copper

    Recommended Reading
    The World's 7 Most Potent Disease-Fighting Spices
    Wild Yam: Why it's NOT Recommended for Progesterone but Does Provide Eight Other Health Benefits

    Sunday, October 23, 2011

    Friday, October 21, 2011

    Rita Indiana y los Misterios - DA PA LO DO▼▼

    da pa lo do from Engel Leonardo on Vimeo.
    Rita Indiana y los Misterios
    Premium Latin Music
    Director: Engel Leonardo

    Monte Cristi

    Courtesy of the Maracuyeah Crew

    Thursday, October 20, 2011

    MEH MOGYA (SAMPLE OF ME) band name by Larry Achiampong


    Omar “The Man”▲▲▲▲

    Last month UK veteran soul singer, Omar, performed a brand new song entitled “The Man” live in Copenhagen on a hot summers day. The vocals were sung live as Kriswontwo was shooting this dope video while the instrumental was added later. I think everything came out quite “Special”! Kinda slept on this one since it came out over a month ago. So just for you guys, some of that British nu soul music on a lazy Sunday afternoon. via MOOVMNT


    Omar - Theres Nothing Like This (DJ RoddyRod {RR} RMX)

       Omar - Theres Nothing Like This (RR RMX) by RODDYROD

This is genius 

    (░)(░)MASSAN X MACAFRAMA(░)(░)

    Massan x Macaframa Raw from MACAFRAMA on Vimeo.

    Akhdam women tell their stories of violence, injustice & poverty in Yemen

    The video chronicles the lives and injustices against the Akhdam women in Yemen. The 'Akhdam' , singular Khadem, meaning "servant" in Arabic, are a social group in Yemen, distinct from the majority by their darker skin and African descent. Although they are Arabic-speaking and practicing Muslims, they are regarded as non-Arabs and designated as a low caste group, frequently discriminated against and confined to unskilled and menial labor. In a society already riddled with patriarchy and poverty, the distain and discrimination against the Akhdam renders Akhdam women easy targets of violence and abuse. Akhdam women are subject to hate-based attacks and sexual assaults without any type of legal or social recourse.

    This video, produced by Sisters Arab Forum for Human Rights and WITNESS, features the stories and voices of three women, Haddah, Qobol, and Om Ali. Their stories of violence, injustice and forced poverty un... more

    The Akhdam, a social group in Yemen are said to be the descendents of a pre-Islamic Ethiopian army that invaded Yemen more than 1500 years ago. They remained in the country as slaves and servants once the occupation ended, and subsequently became the lowest rung in the Imamate's caste system. When the Imam was overthrown during the revolution in 1962 slavery in Yemen was officially abolished, yet the stigma of being a member of the “Akhdam” remains. Set apart by their African features, they face much discrimination, and are mostly confined to menial labor. Most of the Akhdam live in slums, known as 'mahwa', on the outskirts of Yemen's largest cities. 

    Wednesday, October 19, 2011

    Tuesday, October 18, 2011

    "The Potential Unseen Hazards of Today’s Feminine Hygiene Protection"▲▲

    The average American woman uses up to 16,800 tampons in her lifetime – or as many as 24,360 if she's on estrogen replacement therapy.
    And that's just tampons…
    Many women use countless sanitary pads in place of, or in addition to tampons. When this same 'average' woman has a baby, she might also use maternity and nursing pads.
    Something you wear so intimately and with such regularity, wouldn't you want to know for sure it's safe? You may be thinking, what could possibly not be safe with feminine hygiene products?
    They're whiter-than-white pure and clean, right?
    This is an area that I admittedly haven't previously been very involved with until recently. After thoroughly investigating the topic, I have to admit I was shocked.
    In my opinion, the realm of feminine hygiene is like a "ticking time bomb."
    And for you men out there, don't go away just yet.
    The women in your life – your partner, your sister, your mother, your daughter – they may need this information, too. It's up to you to pass it on to them.

    Why Feminine Hygiene Products May NOT Be
    "Protecting" In All Respects

    Are there potential, unsuspected risks from feminine hygiene products? For decades, women have trusted their favorite feminine hygiene products to protect them from leaks.
    And certainly, when you scan feminine hygiene product ads, "protection" does seem to be today's buzzword.
    No doubt, you receive absorbency protection. In fact, that's something the FDA ensures.
    However, could it be that in the process of "protecting" you from leaks, your feminine hygiene products may potentially be subjecting you to an unexpected risk?
    A risk that you never bargained for – or haven't been warned about.
    The good news is… it's a potential risk that you can avoid, if you so choose.
    I bet that after you discover what I've learned, you'll never think about "protection" the same way again.
    Let's get started…

    The Largest – and Most Absorbent Organ in Your Body

    Your skin is the largest organ in your body. And it happens to be the most absorbent.
    A substance you place on your skin may be able to pass right through it, straight into your bloodstream.
    Take hormonal or seasickness patches for example. They work because your skin absorbs most of what it comes in contact with.
    Vaginal tissue — an exceptionally absorbent area – is no exception.
    Because of your vagina's ability to absorb substances, healthy or otherwise, it is a sound health practice to give your skin – and your most intimate areas – the same thoughtful care you give your internal organs. You certainly wouldn't deliberately eat toxins that might harm you.

    How Today's Feminine Hygiene Products
    May Be Jeopardizing Your Health

    When asked what their tampons and sanitary pads are made from, I'm guessing most women would respond "cotton".
    In my opinion, the feminine hygiene industry has done a terrific job deceiving and misinforming women, freely using words such as "cotton-soft" and "cottony feel" in slick advertising campaigns.
    The truth is, today's feminine hygiene products are made mostly from rayon, vicose, and cellulose wood fluff pulp… and not from cotton.
    And that just may be the source of the problem…
    • Rayon is made from cellulose fibers derived from bleached wood pulp.
    • Viscose is a form of wood cellulose acetate that's fabricated to have a pleasing cotton-like touch.
    • Fluff pulp is manufactured from tree wood and is the major filler used in conventional sanitary pads.
    Don't be fooled. None of these tree-derived substances come close to natural cotton.
    Rayon and viscose present a potential danger in part because of their highly absorbent fibers. When used in tampons, these fibers can stick to your vaginal wall, and when you remove the tampon, the loosened fibers stay behind inside your body.
    Take a moment and try this quick experiment. Grab one of your tampons and remove it from its wrapper and applicator. Pull it open flat. Give the inside fibers a tug with your fingers.
    Notice how the fibers begin to break apart? Do this over a dark piece of cloth or paper, and you'll notice lint and dusty fiber particles falling from the tampon.
    These are the fibers that may stay behind in your body when you remove a tampon.

    How the Toxic Bleaching Process Could Affect Your Health

    Toxic Feminine Hygiene Products
    A by-product of industry and pesticides, Dioxin is a close relative of poisonous Agent Orange Rayon is most commonly bleached with chlorine.
    And whenever you bleach something with chlorine, there is a possibility of creating the toxic carcinogens, dioxin and disinfection-by-products (DBP's) such as trihalomethane.
    Dioxin, in the same family as Agent Orange, is found in the air, water, and ground, thanks to decades of pollution.
    It's a by-product of pesticide spraying, pollution from incinerators, and the production of paper and rayon products such as coffee filters, toilet paper, disposable diapers, and even possibly, feminine hygiene products.
    Studies show that dioxin collects in the fatty tissues of animals and humans. And published reports show that even low or trace levels of dioxins may be linked to:
    • Abnormal tissue growth in the abdomen and reproductive organs
    • Abnormal cell growth throughout the body
    • Immune system suppression
    • Hormonal and endocrine system disruption

    Do YOUR Tampons and Pads Contain Dioxin and
    Chlorine Disinfection By-Products?

    A recently released draft report by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) labels dioxin a serious public health threat. The EPA report states there is no "safe" level of exposure to dioxin – even trace amounts are a risk as they accumulate in tissue.
    And dioxin has an "extremely long half-life" in that it may remain in your body for as long as 7 to 11 years. There's no consensus on the exact number as it may vary depending upon your percentage of body fat.
    The FDA's official stand regarding trace amounts of dioxins is this: There's no health risk expected from any trace amount of dioxins in tampons.
    I don't fully agree with this. In my opinion, the mere possibility of any trace levels of dioxin in pads and tampons may be a concern, considering the repeated contact with delicate and absorbent vaginal tissue.
    In fact, a leading doctor of microbiology and immunology at a major university medical center has stated "dioxins, though they exist in the environment, have a worse effect when they contact mucous surfaces like the vagina."
    However, you will likely not hear much about this issue as surprisingly the FDA has concluded that there is no health risk expected from dioxins in tampons and pads. According to the FDA…
    "State-of-the-art testing of tampons and tampon materials that can detect even trace amounts of dioxin has shown that dioxin levels are at or below the detectable limit."
    The FDA Statement on Tampons and Asbestos, Dioxin and Toxic Shock Syndrome further states:
    "While there may have been a problem in the past with chlorine bleaching, rayon raw material used in U.S. tampons is now produced using elemental chlorine-free or totally chlorine-free bleaching processes."
    What exactly are these "chlorine-free bleaching processes" that they use today? Let's take a closer look…
    The FDA goes on to explain…
    "Elemental chlorine-free bleaching refers to methods that do not use elemental chlorine gas to purify the wood pulp. These methods include the use of chlorine dioxide as the bleaching agent as well as totally chlorine-free processes. Some elemental chlorine-free bleaching processes can theoretically generate dioxins at extremely low levels, and dioxins are occasionally detected in trace amounts in mill effluents and pulp." (Emphasis added)

    More Than Just Potential Dioxin and Disinfection By-Products…
    You May Find Petrochemicals in Tampons, too

    Consider the applicator used in your favorite brand of tampon. If it's plastic, you're exposing your body to plastic material every time you insert a tampon, and that plastic could potentially be dangerous.
    If it's cardboard, take a moment to notice the nice glossy finish that makes it smooth to the touch.
    That shiny finish comes from phthalates – chemical plasticizers used in many items, including pills, children's toys, medical devices and personal care products, such as perfumes, liquid soap, nail polish and hair spray.
    Phthalates, along with many plastics, are known "endocrine disruptors" because they interfere with normal endocrine system function – potentially leading to obesity and birth defects.

    The NEW Generation of Potentially Toxic Sanitary Pads

    As for sanitary pads, today we're seeing a whole new generation of products made from petrochemicals.
    Conventional sanitary pads are made from over 90 percent plastic derived from crude oil, including superabsorbent polyacrylates, polypropylene and polyethylene.
    Synthetics and plastic restrict the free flow of air and can trap heat and dampness, potentially promoting the growth of yeast and bacteria in your vaginal area.
    Labels such as "non-woven" are just fancy-talk for petrochemicals. These types of pads likely don't allow air to pass through.
    The use of synthetic fibers, plastic-backed panty liners, and contact with toxic chemicals can lead to burning and soreness of delicate tissue in certain individuals, especially if you are susceptible to allergies.

    Why Feminine Hygiene Manufacturers Haven't Told You About This

    Many of these products have been used for decades. Why haven't you heard of these potential dangers before now?
    First off, logically, the manufacturers are unlikely to tell you given their interest in selling their product. And, the sanitary pad industry is not required to disclose ingredients, including chemicals used in the manufacturing process.
    Manufacturers frequently hire their own researchers to conduct research. And, sadly, those research results are all that the FDA sees, regardless of outcome.
    In fact, the FDA's reassurances to the public are based on the data given to them by the product manufactures themselves.
    Just as it's documented in the drug industry, the feminine hygiene industry can, in theory, spin the results of their "research" to whatever they want.
    Incidentally, the Tampon Safety and Research Act of 1999 called upon the U.S. Congress to require independent testing of feminine hygiene products and a disclosure of ingredients used in the manufacturing process.
    To date, no tests have been conducted and there's still no public disclosure of all the ingredients used.

    Another Potential Problem with Tampons You Need to Know About…

    Monday, October 17, 2011

    ◥◥◥Film: Fela Lives! Elder’s Corner Tribute To Fela Kuti

    FELA LIVES! Elder's Corner Tribute from SIJI on Vimeo.
    Support the historical documentary on Nigerian music Elder’s Corner over at their Kickstarter

    Food of the Week . . . ▲

    Did you know that, compared to other fruits and vegetables, apples have been found to be most consistently associated with a reduced risk of cancer, heart disease, asthma and type 2 diabetes? Apples, which contain significant amounts of phenols and other flavonoids, which act as powerful antioxidants and help protect against cell-damaging free radicals, were also associated with improved lung function and weight loss. These findings are from a recent review of 85 different studies. The total antioxidant activity of 100 grams of whole apple (with peel) was found to be equivalent to the antioxidant effect of about 1,500 mg of vitamin C! Most of apples' antioxidant protection, however, does not come from vitamin C (100 g of apples contains only about 5.7 mg of vitamin C), but from their rich supply of phytonutrients.

    Film: Incredible Street Band in DRC Asks Us to ‘Look Beyond Appearances’

    Saturday, October 15, 2011

    ◥ ◥On The Set: Common “Sweet”


    Friday, October 14, 2011

    ▼▼Rahsaan Roland Kirk and John Cage - Sound??


    Mos Def & BK Philharmonic Troy Davis Tribute▲▲❍


    At Restoration Plaza in Brooklyn last Saturday,  Mos Def Yassin Bey took matters into his own hands to honor Troy Davis by joining the Brooklyn Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra for a rendition of Frederic Rzewski’s “Come Together”. More clips from the Lyricist Lounge/Restoration Rocks 2011 below.

    via RR

    Tuesday, October 11, 2011

    Onra “Chinoiseries Pt. 2″ [Trailer]}}}

    Paris representative Onra is proud to announce his next album release, “Chinoiseries Pt. 2″, dropping on November 15th on All City Records. For this project has been digging for Chinese and Vietnamese vinyl to create a themed instrumental hip-hip beat journey just like he did five years ago with the first volume. The second edition of this series, which features 32 instrumentals all sampled from various vinyl found during various trips to South East Asia. Enjoy a short video trailer for “Chinoiseries Pt. 2″ which captures Onra digging for vinyl on one of his recent trips, while molding the original samples into a beat that you’ll soon get to enjoy. 

    ◢◢◢◢Shaolin Jazz Presents The Gil Scott Suite (FreeEP)


    R to the A to W
    Gerald Watson and DC’s DJ 2-Tone Jones.

    4 wIm eN ❤


    Ruth Raad in the traditional costume of Ramallah, circa 1943. Khalidi, Walid. Before Their Diaspora: A Photographic History of the Palestinians 1876-1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies, 1991. Palestinian Bersheba dress Kor Yor tribe woman coils, North Thailand rachelbrice:

Ouled Nail dancers of Algeria. flosvitae:

Tana Toraja, Indonesia  
Gadaba tribe, Orissa, India
Gadaba women wear neck rings which are about 500-700 gms each & can not be removed without the help of the Blacksmith. As a part of their tradition, it is only removed after their death. struckbyurlove: